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Gayndah Queensland. Crimped edged pink pinks. : 無料・フリー素材/写真

Gayndah Queensland. Crimped edged pink pinks. / denisbin
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Gayndah Queensland. Crimped edged pink pinks.

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ライセンスクリエイティブ・コモンズ 表示-改変禁止 2.0 一般
説明Gayndah. Early history and Village Settlements.This small town was surveyed in 1847 on the Burnett River which enters the ocean near Bundaberg. The town was not gazetted until 1849 and then began to slowly grow with the first Post Office opening in 1850.It is believed that the Aboriginal word guindah meant thunder at place of scrub. Although it its latter years the district was known for its cattle industry in the early days it was a sheep pastoral region. Today it is the main citrus growing region of Queensland. As the small settlement increased a newspaper was started in 1861. By the 1860s it churches, a school stores and hotels. The school opened in 1863, the first bank in 1864 and Catholic and Baptist churches opened soon afterwards. When gold was discovered further inland at Eidsvold (a Norwegian name) in 1866 the town progressed even more as the handling spot for goods travelling to and from Eidsvold. The first citrus trees were planted in 1892 and that industry had expanded by 1898 and then a railway line from Maryborough reached the town in 1907 prompting more expansion. When the great depression of the early 1890s struck QLD it followed the lead of SA and Victoria and introduced legislation to established communistic type village settlements. These attempts at utopian communal farming and living were influenced by the works of Queenslander William Lane, the Australian attempts to set up a Utopia in Paraguay and the rise of unions on sheep stations. The QLD Cooperative Communities Land Settlement Act came into force in 1893. Thirty men (and wives or daughters) could set up a commune and leased around 100 acres per member. The government provided £20 per member for seeds, farming tools and equipment. Twelve communes were quickly formed including three near Gayndah – Byrnestown, Resolute and Bon Accord. Arguments, poor soil, and lack of resources led to some communes failing in 1894 and the rest by 1896. Byrnestown soon a timber school for the children pictured. This provisional school opened with around 40 children in 1895. By October 1894 there were 169 people in the Byrnestown settlement. When the government disbanded the communes those who wanted were able to break the lands into private leases which is what happened at Byrnestown. In 1896 sixteen members of Byrnestown commune divided 2,600 acres into 16 small farms. Those who stayed made a successes of their farming and the Byrnestown School became a state school in 1909 and provided education to students until 1970. A Catholic Church opened in Byrnestown in 1925. In 1969 it was moved to Gayndah to become the parish hall for the Catholic Church in Gayndah. After the railway reached Gayndah dairying began in the district with a dairy factory opening in 1911. New churches were opened after 1910 including the fine Catholic Church in 1915 and a Catholic School and Convent in 1919. The town War Memorial was unveiled in 1921. The district’s citrus growers association was formed in 1920. Tourism is now a major industry and the town has a few heritage listed structures. These structures are all in Capper Street - the War Memorial opened 1921; the Courthouse 1928 – replacing an 1861 courthouse; Mellor’s Drapery and Haberdashery store built in 1922; Gayndah Shire Hall built in Art Deco style in 1935. In Meson Street is the heritage listed state school which dates from 1861. In Simon Street there is a red brick Georgian style cottage built in in 1864 for Henry Fenwick. This is an unusual building and not very suitable for the Queensland climate. It is now part of the town museum. The museum has a display of the prehistoric lungfish which have survived in the Burnett River which flows through the town on its way down to Bundaberg.
撮影日2019-08-12 14:57:17
撮影者denisbin , Adelaide, Australia
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撮影地
カメラDSC-HX90V , SONY
露出0.001 sec (1/1600)
開放F値f/3.5


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