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Hall Of The Kings / Me in ME
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Hall Of The Kings

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ライセンスクリエイティブ・コモンズ 表示 2.0 一般
説明I have uploaded three photos of ceilings in the Nazrid Palace of the Alhambra in Granada, Spain. They are all from the Hall of the Kings (Sala de los Reyes) and is described below. This is an example of Mocárabe, a form of ornamented vaulting in Islamic architecture. The other two are of paintings on leather attached to the wood ceilings of rectangular rooms. There is a third such ceiling that I did not photograph.This place is called Hall of the Kings (Sala de los Reyes) and was also called Justice Hall (Sala de la Justicia) and Court (Tribunal) from the 18th century. The hall is divided into seven parts: three square rooms (as this one), separated by two rectangular sections and two bedchambers at the end of them. In the square rooms there are domes of mocarabes, double arches lead to the rectangular sections. This layout and this decoration bring out the light that enters the hall. The heavy arches of the hall contrast with the walls' delicate decoration, made up of inscriptions and a tile skirting board, which surrounded the hall and from which only two original fragments are left. The paintings are on three ellipse-shaped wooden domes and covered by leather. The middle painting represents the first ten kings of the Nasrid dynasty. The lateral vaults depict scenes of chivalry (especially hunting scenes) and romantic scenes, so they possibly tell legends or adventures of the Muslim kings. In spite of this, they are clearly Christian paintings, which is apparent because of the clumsier and less precise representations of Muslim scenes in comparison with the Spanish scenes. According to the clues from the painting about the kings, these paintings could correspond to the reigns of Mohammed VII (1395-1410) or Yusuf III (1410-1424).In Iberian architecture Mocárabe is a form of ornamented vaulting in Islamic architecture. It is the archetypal form of Islamic architecture, integral to the vernacular of Islamic buildings. The muqarnas structure originated from the squinch. Sometimes called "honeycomb vaulting" or "stalactite vaulting", the purpose of muqarnas is to create a smooth, decorative zone of transition in an otherwise bare, structural space. This structure gives the ability to distinguish between the main parts of a building, and serve as a transition from the walls of a room into a domed ceiling.Muqarnas is significant in Islamic architecture because its elaborate form is a symbolic representation of universal creation by God. Muqarnas architecture is featured in domes, half-dome entrances, iwans and apses. The two main types of muqarnas are the North African/Middle Eastern style, composed of a series of downward triangular projections, and the Iranian style, composed of connecting tiers of segments.
撮影日2020-03-18 19:31:55
撮影者Me in ME , Brunswick, Maine, USA
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撮影地Granada, Andalusia, Spain 地図


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